Bitcoin 

DOrg LLC Purports to be First Legally Valid DAO Under US Law

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) developer cooperative dOrg has created a limited liability company (LLC) to grant its native DAO legal status, according to a report by independent law firm Gravel & Shea on June 11. As its name implies, a DAO is a firm with no centralization or hierarchy, and is instead governed by open source digital rules on a blockchain — a smart contract — and operated publicly by users via a consensus voting mechanism. According to Gravel & Shea, the native DAO of dOrg, underpinned by the DAOstack…

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Blockchain 

Washington State Law Recognizes Blockchain Records as Legally Valid and Enforceable

The United States state of Washington has passed a bill that recognizes and protects the legal status of electronic records pertaining to distributed ledgers like blockchains. The bill, substitute senate bill 5638, was signed into effect by Governor Jay Inslee on April 26, 2019. The original version of the bill had its first reading by the Washington state legislature on January 25, 2019. The bill has now passed with 96–1 and will go into effect in late July. The new law has a clause which prevents discriminating against electronic records…

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Bitcoin 

Moscow and Three Russian Regions to Legally Pilot Crypto and DLT Tech: Local Media

Moscow and three other Russian regions will legally pilot the use of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, local media outlet Izvestia reports on April 24. The Russian Ministry of Economic Development is reportedly planning to test now-unregulated emerging technologies such as blockchain and crypto, as well as augmented and virtual reality, quantum tech, artificial intelligence and robotics. As Izvestia wrote, the currently unregulated technologies are planned to be tested as an experiment in Moscow, the Kaliningrad and Kaluga Oblasts, and Perm Krai in order to accelerate the adoption of new tech…

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Blockchain 

Deutsche Boerse, Commerzbank Complete Blockchain PoC for Legally Binding Repo Transaction

German financial services company Commerzbank and securities marketplace Deutsche Boerse have completed a proof-of-concept (PoC) for a legally binding repo transaction using distributed ledger technology (DLT). The news was reported by Cointelegraph auf Deutsch on March 6. A repo transaction is commonly used for short-term borrowing, and allows dealers to sell securities to investors — often for as short a time as overnight —  and repurchase them the following day, or as otherwise determined. For the party selling the security, the process is termed a repo, whereas for the counterparty,…

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Bitcoin 

Cryptocurrency Doesn’t Yet Need to Be Legally Defined

The Ministry of Justice of Russia does not see the need to legally define the concept of cryptocurrency at this point, state-owned news agency TASS reported on Feb. 13. Alexander Konovalov, the Minister of Justice of Russia, reportedly claimed that it is too early to formalize crypto-related legislation to date. Konovalov based his remarks on the fact that cryptocurrencies cannot be used as a payment method in the country, according to the Russian Constitution. Both the constitution and current financial system  legislation in Russia “categorically prohibit” using cryptocurrencies as a…

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